1. 
Who studied color vision and what is now known as the action potentials of neurons?

Charles Darwin

Hermann von Helmholtz
René Descartes
Francis Bacon





2. 
The _____ approach to psychology emphasized the study of mental processes and focused on inner sensations, feelings, and thoughts.

introspection
functionalism
psychoanalysis

structuralism





3. 
Who studied perception and cognition in children?

B. F. Skinner
Carl Rogers
George Miller

Jean Piaget





4. 
What subfield of psychology examines the power of the social environment?


Social psychology
Gestalt psychology
Structuralism
Humanism





5. 
Who developed the hierarchy of needs?

Jean Piaget
Sigmund Freud
Charles Darwin

Abraham Maslow





6. 
Psychology has been an academic discipline for:

more than 300 years.
less than 100 years.
less than 300 years.

less than 200 years



7. 
Who was the father of empiricism?

René Descartes
Charles Darwin

Francis Bacon
John Locke



8. 
Who taught the first course in scientific psychology?

Edward Titchener
Hermann Ebbinghaus
John Locke

Wilhelm Wundt





9. 
Who was the leader in functionalism?

Hermann Ebbinghaus
Wilhelm Wundt
Edward Titchener

William James






10. 
https://d1go9fceb3w67f.cloudfront.net/brainhoney/Images/check.png
_____ was the first women to get a doctorate degree in psychology and studied animal behavior. 

Mary Whiton Calkins
Ingrid Thorndike
Mary Washburn

Margaret Floy Washburn



11. 
What subfield of psychology emphasizes the positive potential of humans?


Humanism
Gestalt psychology
Structuralism
Social psychology



12. 


_____ was a Greek philosopher, who was a nativist, believing aspects of a person's character and intelligence were innate and present at birth.

Aristotle
Francis Bacon

Plato
René Descartes





13. 
_____ was a Greek philosopher who was an empiricist, believing that everything a person knows comes from experiences and environment.

René Descartes

Aristotle
Plato
Francis Bacon





14. 
_____ argued that the mind was a blank slate, or tabula rasa.

René Descartes
Francis Bacon
Charles Darwin

John Locke





15. 
The _____ approach to psychology emphasized the purpose of each type of behavior, with a focus on the adaptive functions that the behavior played in helping our ancestors survive.


functionalism
introspection
structuralism
psychoanalysis





16. 
_____ was denied her doctorate degree in psychology from Harvard.


Mary Whiton Calkins
Ingrid Thorndike
Mary Washburn
Margaret Floy Washburn



17. 
What did Ivan Pavlov study?

the law of effect
the Pavlovian box

classical conditioning
operant conditioning





18. 
_____ was a researcher who proclaimed that the behavioral findings of animal research could be applied to humans and did so with “Little Albert.”

Edward Thorndike
B. F. Skinner
Ivan Pavlov

John Watson





19. 
_____ was the researcher who discovered the “magical number 7.”

Carl Rogers

George Miller
Jean Piaget
B. F. Skinner



20. 
What subfield of psychology examines the adaptive significance of behavior and views natural selection as needed to promote survival?

Social psychology
Structuralism
Gestalt psychology

Evolutionary psychology



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