Contents
Treatment 6




Introduction

Depression is defined as “persistent feelings of sadness and despair and loss of interest in previous sources of pleasure” (Myers, 2011). According to many researchers and doctors, depression has emerged as one of the major problems among the children. The rate of suicide in North America is 11/100000. This creates the countrywide suicide rate considerably greater than the nation. The suicide rate in the United States has been reported to 30000 resulting in mainly from depression. Two third of suicides are being happened by depression.  High suicide rate is shown among the teenagers and children; untreated depression is the cause for the death of children (Gelfand & Teti, 1990). Depression in children is a serious mental illness, which causes pain for both the family as well as for the children. Children are the future of the country; however, many children are suffering from many mental sicknesses, which affect their regular growth and development. Depression is truly painful and causes children to obligate suicide. There are various types of depression, which have typical cause, symptoms and effects. The current paper will analyze the causes of depression, negative impact of depression on the children and treatment process for depression among children.

Mental & emotional behaviors

Depression is the emotional and mental behavior, which affects everybody including children. Many researchers have done researches to find out the main causes of depression. Although there is no clearly defined cause for mental sickness and this varies from person to person, yet depression is caused by a concoction of circumstances and biological factors. It might be caused due to various factors including genetics as well. Family history also triggers depression in children and teenagers. The Genetics may play vital role in depression; however, as per the doctors as well as many researchers, it is not the single reason of depression.
In addition to this, many events of life also play a significant role in depression. Children might also be depressed after some tragic or sad incident such as death of loved ones. The death of a loved one affects their mental health largely. They are unable to recover from it. Some other factors include divorce or a remarriage of parents. The children have no choice but to accept the truth and at the same time, they start suffering from depression. Changing of schools and shifting homes have also been found to be dominant factor in contributing depression.
According to Myers (2011), negative family ambiance badly affects the minds of children. As an outcome to this, it causes depression among children. School stress is also one of the vital keys of depression among children. Children cannot find out the solution as they are not mature enough to solve these issues and eventually start suffering from depression. There are various signs or symptoms of depression such as sadness, bleakness, boredom, crying and loss of interest in doing any kind work.

Analyzing Depression

In accordance with many doctors and researchers, there are various kinds of depression that an individual might experience (Kaslow, Rehm & Siegel, 1984). The symptom of depression is seen within the children from their early childhood. The most diagnosed kind of depression in children consists of Major Depression, Bipolar disorder and Dysthymia. Major depression is also identified as the medical depression, unipolar depression as well as vital depressive anarchy. This depression lasts from seven to nine months and its signs are lack of enjoyment in actions, sadness, sleep troubles, loss of hunger, and lack of concentration, memory troubles and pains.
Children who suffer from this situation often feel abandoned, hopeless and worthless in their lives and fail to fix their present conditions.
            Another depression, which is found common in children, is Dysthymia this is known as double depression.  The signs of Dysthymia generally emerge in children; however, in very few cases do not appear until the middle age. Dysthymia depression lasts up to two weeks and almost similar as major depression.  However, there are some differences in symptoms and span of depression. Reasons of Dysthymia depression in children are bad grades in school, shyness, communal withdrawal and disagreement with family as well as friends. Three percent of population is suffering from Dysthymia depression in the globe.
Kapornai, K., & Vetró, Á. (2008) proposes that bipolar disorder often known as manic-depressive sickness is also found among children. In this particular depression, there are several signs that change the moods of children. The children who suffer from this disorder have different mood swings. Sometimes they feel very happy and satisfied with their daily activities and sometimes they feel down and sad for no reason. Other symptoms of bipolar depression disorder include changes in the energy level, action level and the capability to do every day work. Bipolar disorder is the main cause of breaking any kind of relationship as well as can lead to suicide.

Effects of Depression

Depression has high impact on the mind and physical activities of children. According to various doctors and care practitioners, mental stability of children might be hampered due to this issue. Children are not able to focus on their education and other curriculum activities. Doctors stated that children always suffer from some tension and stress that affect their minds. In the year of 2006, Mr. Weisz stated that children could be de-motivated or demoralized due to the depression. Children might not be socialized due to this issue.
Parents and care workers are being concerned about this issue. They always face trouble due to the issues associated with children. According to doctors and other officials, children should be provided a sound living and educational environment where they can lead their lives happily. Thinking capability of children needs to be explored. Depressed children cannot make any serious activity and cannot focus on their daily activities. According to the observers, if human beings face depression at an early age, then it can be harmful for their careers (Kaufman et.al, 2006).
Treatment:
            The treatment of depression includes psychological and clinical procedures. Nevertheless, the treatment strategy should be planed individually, taking into consideration the child's age, developmental stage and risk/protective characteristics (e.g. psychopathology in the family, individual temperament, cognitive and emotional regulatory factors, existing co-morbidity and experience of stressful life events), and the medication or psychotherapy preferences of the patient and the care giver. In primary care practice, however, treatment options are limited by lack of availability of trained psychotherapists (Hazell, 2012).

Conclusion

The current research paper showcased the impact of depression in children. With the help of this paper, overall understanding of depression among children is highlighted. It is observed that different factors create depression in children’s mind. Depression creates different health issues among children due to which they suffer badly. Parents and doctors should focus on this matter so that children can be rescued from the complicated circumstances.

 


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