1)
The psychologist known for the PEN model with it’s three broad personality dimensions was
a)
Gordon Allport
b)
Hans Eysenck
c)
Raymond Cattell
d)
Sigmund Freud
Your answer(s)
Correct answer(s)

b)
Hans Eysenck
b)
Hans Eysenck


2)
If you prefer an approach which divides human personality into a large number of narrow/specific categories, chances are you are primarily interested in
a)
personality research
b)
developmental psychology
c)
clinical psychology
d)
social interactions
Your answer(s)
Correct answer(s)

a)
personality research
c)
clinical psychology

3)
One of the "Big Five" factors that describe the major features of personality is
a)
extraversion
b)
consistency
c)
locus of control
d)
distinctiveness
Your answer(s)
Correct answer(s)

a)
extraversion
a)
extraversion
4)
The statistical technique which Raymond Cattell used to come up with his list of 16 personality factors was
a)
factor analysis
b)
Chi square
c)
the c-test
d)
the standard deviation
Your answer(s)
Correct answer(s)

a)
factor analysis
a)
factor analysis
5)
Adam strongly believes that premarital sex is wrong, but when he is alone with his girlfriend, his sexual desires are very strong. According to Freud, the part of the personality which would likely try to resolve this conflict is the
a)
id
b)
superego
c)
superid
d)
ego
Your answer(s)
Correct answer(s)

d)
ego
d)
ego
6)
During Freud's psychosexual stages of development, he felt that the id obtained pleasure from different
a)
erogenous zones
b)
sublimations
c)
defense mechanisms
d)
gender identities
Your answer(s)
Correct answer(s)

a)
erogenous zones
a)
erogenous zones
7)
Individuals who are rated as high on Eysenck’s _____ dimension are described as aggressive, hostile, impulsive, and non-conforming
a)
extraversion-introversion
b)
psychoticism
c)
neuroticism
d)
psychopathic deviance
Your answer(s)
Correct answer(s)

a)
extraversion-introversion
b)
psychoticism
8)
If you visit Adam's room, you may well find it hard to find a place to sit (or to find anything else). To describe his room as a “pig sty” would be an insult to pigs. According to Freud, Adam is most likely fixated at the _____ stage
a)
oral
b)
latency
c)
anal
d)
phallic
Your answer(s)
Correct answer(s)

c)
anal
c)
anal
9)
Martin Seligman is known for his research on _____, a phenomenon often related to human depression.
a)
specific phobias
b)
disorganized schizophrenia
c)
learned helplessness
d)
obsessive-compulsive disorder
Your answer(s)
Correct answer(s)

c)
learned helplessness
c)
learned helplessness
10)
The psychologist who is known for developing client-centered therapy, the treatment approach of the humanists, is
a)
Sigmund Freud
b)
Abraham Maslow
c)
Martin Seligman
d)
Carl Rogers
Your answer(s)
Correct answer(s)

d)
Carl Rogers
d)
Carl Rogers
11)
Since he has a very strong need for acceptance and approval, Adam tends to be quite naive/gullible, accepting almost anything his friends tell him. Freud might well suspect that Adam is fixated at the _____ stage of psychosexual development
a)
oral
b)
latency
c)
anal
d)
phallic
Your answer(s)
Correct answer(s)

a)
oral
a)
oral
12)
Hans Eysenck’s list of personality dimensions, in its final version, contained _____ items
a)
200
b)
3
c)
15,000
d)
16
Your answer(s)
Correct answer(s)

d)
16
b)
3
13)
If you are doing research trying to understand human personality, you are likely to prefer approaches to personality which
a)
divide personality into many narrow/precise categories
b)
divide personality into a few broad categories
c)
describe personality in purely behavioral terms
d)
emphasize the importance of social interactions
Your answer(s)
Correct answer(s)

c)
describe personality in purely behavioral terms
b)
divide personality into a few broad categories
14)
Adam often strikes out at parents, teachers, and other authority figures who upset him, without considering the consequences of such actions (grounding, suspension, extra work, etc.). A psychoanalyst would suggest that Adam is demonstrating a weak
a)
id
b)
superego
c)
ego
d)
superid
Your answer(s)
Correct answer(s)

b)
superego
c)
ego
15)
Personality is best defined as an individual's
a)
most positive characteristics
b)
relatively distinctive and consistent ways of thinking, feeling, and acting
c)
genetic psychological makeup
d)
unconscious thoughts and desires
Your answer(s)
Correct answer(s)

b)
relatively distinctive and consistent ways of thinking, feeling, and acting
b)
relatively distinctive and consistent ways of thinking, feeling, and acting
16)
Between age 6 and puberty, children generally appear to show very little interest in sex. Since Freud was concerned with psychosexual development, he called this period the _____ stage
a)
latent
b)
asexual
c)
amgiguous
d)
lethargic
Your answer(s)
Correct answer(s)

a)
latent
a)
latent
17)
According to Freud, the ego
a)
develops during the phallic stage
b)
is almost totally unconscious
c)
often mediates between the id and superego
d)
operates on the pleasure principle
Your answer(s)
Correct answer(s)

c)
often mediates between the id and superego
c)
often mediates between the id and superego

18)
Eysenck’s personality dimension which is concerned with how the individual relates to other people and to his/her internal thoughts, and which Eysenck felt had much to do with arousal level, is
a)
neuroticism
b)
psychoticism
c)
extraversion-introversion
d)
psychopathic deviance
Your answer(s)
Correct answer(s)

c)
extraversion-introversion
c)
extraversion-introversion
18)
Eysenck’s personality dimension which is concerned with how the individual relates to other people and to his/her internal thoughts, and which Eysenck felt had much to do with arousal level, is
a)
neuroticism
b)
psychoticism
c)
extraversion-introversion
d)
psychopathic deviance
Your answer(s)
Correct answer(s)

c)
extraversion-introversion
c)
extraversion-introversion
19)
The scientific/research arm of humanistic psychology, known as positive psychology, is most associated with
a)
Sigmund Freud
b)
Carl Rogers
c)
Martin E. P. Seligman
d)
Abraham Maslow
Your answer(s)
Correct answer(s)

b)
Carl Rogers
c)
Martin E. P. Seligman
20)
As part of a psychological evaluation, Eve was shown a series of pictures and asked to tell stories about the pictures. She was most likely being given a(n) _____ test
a)
factor analytic
b)
objective
c)
projective
d)
sublimated
Your answer(s)
Correct answer(s)





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d)
sublimated
c)
projective



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