Annotated Bibliography ( SUBJECT: SOCIAL SCIENCES, ENGLISH )

Most of the students find hard to make Annotated Biblio
I am providing a sample of Biblio in MLA style....


                                                   Annotated Bibliography

Gordimer, Nadine. July’s People. New York: Penguin, 1982. Print.

Written by Nadine Gordimer, the novel July’s People seeks to explore apartheid in the themes that are established throughout the novel. Gordimer portrays rich diction and symbolism to focus on the issues of racial segregation portraying the ambiguous relationship between July and Maureen. Gordimer demonstrates the themes of race and how it plays a significant part between Maureen and July. The novel illustrates symbols such as the bakkie and power to delineate the theme against the background of war. Gordimer shows how there are major power shifts between the two races and demonstrates how the theme of power is so significant to the Smales. The evolution and introspection of Maureen through the relationships of July and her husband, Bamford Smales, significantly expresses her personal growth and the realization of unequal apartheid. Through the novel, Gordimer demonstrates the possibility of a new vision of how she desires the world to become as she explores a peaceful co-existence between Bam and Maureen. In the novel, Gordimer uses an epigraph to set the tone in the novel and intended to give the audience a broad theme of what to expect in the novel.


A Beautiful Mind. Writ. and Dir. Rob Howard. Universal Studios. DreamWorks Studios., 2001. DVD.

A Beautiful Mind directed by Rob Howard, explores the journey of, John Nash, who is a mathematician genius and a Nobel prize winner. He struggles with Schizophrenia where he loses touch with reality and hallucinates. Howard establishes how the symptoms of John’s disease takes its toll on his interpersonal relationship, social and psychological issues; however, overcomes his dilemma with the avail from his wife. The film demonstrates as John resides his work at Princeton University to create his original idea; however, also creates imaginary characters which establishes symbols such as friendship and companionship. John is shown as a socially awkward man that seeks for a constant companion in times of stress and frustration; and his creation provided him with the friendship that he desired. Howard demonstrates Alicia as a symbol of John’s sanity and reality as she was an unconditional support for John during his internal conflict. Johns journey to recovery resulted in him being humble when he accomplishes and is recognized for his Nobel prize. Ron Howard emphasizes how John’s dilemma externalizes, demonstrating the chaos of his disorder engenders knowledge as an outcome. The film illustrates how others supports and courage, provides John the ability to cope with his struggles and pursues his dreams for which is his ‘original idea’.


Achebe, Chinua. “Dead Men’s Path.” 1953. Literature: Reading, Reacting, Writing. Ed. Laurie Kirszner, Stephen Mandell and Candace Fertile. Nelson Education Ltd, 2007. 405-411. Print.

In the short story a “Dead Men’s Path”, portrays a young and modernized new headmaster of Ndume Central School named Michael Obi. Michael and his wife, Nancy, are both modern characters who both desires and demands to have high education system in their school. As they try to enforce a high education standard, Michael deliberately ignores the past and historic culture to become modernized by attempting to close the footpath that connects the villagers to the dead. Achebe explores the themes of conflict between traditionalism and modernity; and how the path symbolizes the link between life and and death as it is essential to their culture. As Michael does not understand the traditions that runs in the village, it demonstrates how his character conflicts the theme of tradition and how there may be consequences if certain traditions are not respected. The story points out the difficulties of co-existence between the two themes as Michael does not attempt to learn the history of their culture and rejects the advice from the priest.


Cast Away. Dir. Robert Zemeckis. DreamWorks. Twentieth Century Fox Fil Corporation., 2000. DVD.

The film Cast Away directed by Robert Zemeckis explores the themes of hope and love from the protagonist, Chuck Noland, as he discovers himself isolated on a remote island after a plane crash. During his survival and knowledge on the island, he gradually transforms himself physically and psychologically to continue to hold onto hope of returning back home. Zemeckis symbolized the significance of how a volleyball named Wilson, establishes an emotional relationship and companionship that Chuck desired. The film seeks the exploration of human survival as they lose sight of what they were granted with and demonstrates how time also plays a significant role in Chucks life which affects his personal life. Zemeckis explores the themes of hope and loneliness through Chuck’s character as to the reason why Wilson was significant to him. Another concept that Zemeckis seeks to explore is to demonstrate how important relationships and companions are to a human being and having them surrounding you is part of human nature.


Hawthorne, Nathaniel. The Scarlet Letter. Adapt. James F. Demailo. New York, London; Applause Books, 1996. Print.

The Scarlet Letter, a play written by James F. Demailo and adapted from Nathaniel’s classic novel, portrays the protagonist, Hester Prynne, branded with the scarlet letter by the congregation, symbolizing her adultery. The play explores the relationships between Arthur Dimmesdale, Roger Chillingworth, and Pearl. Hester’s transition throughout the play significantly demonstrates her personal growth and how problematic situations helped her discover her true identity. Her internal conflict has transition her to an independent woman enabling a remarkable strength and courage. The nature of the letter ‘A’ symbolized a product of her passion and sin; however, transforms to an angel that the puritanical community cherishes. Hester’s relationship with Pearl is significantly stronger and provides Hester’s with great strength as her commitment to stay strong guided her inner spirit to become an independent woman. The play demonstrates how her confidence and strength gave her the ability to change her identity as an adulteress to and angel with courage and love.


Walker, Alice. “Everyday Use”. 1973. Literature: Reading, Reacting, Writing. Ed. Laurie Kirszner, Stephen Mandell and Candace Fertile. Nelson Education Ltd, 2007. 327-334. Print.

The story “Everyday Use” by Alice Walker illustrates how certain values and traditions may affect the relationships within families. Alice demonstrates the issue of this by expressing it on the characters Mama, Maggie and Dee. She uses themes such as heritage and education to represent how Dee may have misunderstood the meaning of what her culture truly presents. The short story focuses on the connections between women of different generations as it is shown through a couple of handmade quilts passed on from generations. As Mama and Maggie understands and respects the history of their family and culture, Dee claims the handmade quilts as a decoration for her new home. The major theme in the story that was established was heritage and how it is meant to be cherished; however, as Dee becomes more educated, she becomes distant from her culture and views it as her past. The quilts are symbolic as they are made up of connections of the past but also representing the history of pride.

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