Urbanization and Globalization


Urbanization and Globalization

Urbanization and globalization are two issues which are dominating the world panorama on a large and extended scale and are considered as the vital forces which operate as the crucial factors behind the developments and modernizations taking place in the entire world. Globalization is characterized as the free flowing tendency of the various cultures from all over the world along with tradition, trade and investments and services from all over the world. In globalization, the various features of different countries of the world intermingle with each other to give a new definition to culture, trade, traditions, etc (Gubler, 2011). For example, the trade practices of Rome, Greek, and Egyptian cultures mixed together in order to give trade as a whole a different and developed format. In the same way, the western trade flourished because of the existence and presence of the striking features of the developed western culture. Asian countries on the other hand, were prominent regarding their cultural variants give a prominent look to the other cultures in order to make them feel involved in the entire process. It is therefore an amalgamation of various trades and cultures and essentially deals with their development and enhancement. Urbanization is considered or is defined as the modernization of the rural sectors and those provinces which are not so developed in the terms of industrialization, trade and transport, living conditions, health and hygiene, and education. Urbanization deals with factors such as growth in income, reduction of poverty, easy and convenient access to various services such as electricity, telephone and communication, education, water, sanitation and health. Urbanization as what we see today, which is widespread in its extent and impact, is a phenomenon which can be efficiently characterized as an important outcome of the twenty first century. 

Free trade which can be practiced globally, one chief effect of globalization is the curbing or in the reduction and even vanishing of the factor of distance in trade. Also, the prices of several products have got almost equalized throughout the world, helping the developing and the underdeveloped nations get their basic essentials at affordable rates (Leitão & Shahbaz, 2013). Further, globalization has been the cause of development brought in many urban sectors, as a result of which, the correlation and inter relation between globalization and urbanization.



Although the effects of globalization can be realized to a very limited extent, those of urbanization makes us feel and realize a true fact that when we get connected to each other, there can be the creation and generation of a great extent of power which is crucial and important in the development of the entire world panorama in every possible aspect and terms. Today the term globalization has taken the form of a common buzzword which is availed and accepted by every status of people as per their needs, requirements, and capabilities (Giddens et al., 2016). It has been given a widely accepted importance which has the power and potential to bring an all round development for the individuals throughout the world. A collaboration of globalization and urbanization have given rise to a large number of beneficial aspects which include raising of the income levels, which in turn have a transforming effect on the trends of consumption which is a surprising and unexpected result. Urbanization consists of developed economies which are in turn greatly affected by the changes in the relationships which are the outcome of globalization. However, among all these factors, which have been successful in removing the differences between several aspects of international relationships as a whole, most striking advancement and change has been witnessed in the enhancement of the local development process (Brahmasrene & Lee, 2017). Regarding the understanding and examining the processes of local development, and local economic development, a lot of studies and researches made on the issues of and relating to the various branches and related aspects of economics, geography, regional science, and many more. In this regard, the role played by clusters and firms in the process of local development again a special position and reference. This issue has not only received much importance and acclamation, but has been subjected to a lot if criticism as well. The clustering or establishment of firms is an economic phenomenon which has the potential to serve as the chief driving force for local development.  As a result of globalization, a flourished network between corporations, urban sectors, and firms have been developed giving birth to an entirely new concept of ‘alliance capitalism’.


The concepts of urbanization or clustering have become very popular term and acquire a fashionable outlook when get connected with the term globalization. This has in turn given ample development to the urban sectors which have attained the position of ‘industrial districts’ (Lee et al., 2017). These clusters or industrial districts perform a great deal in fundamentally performing every act so as to ensure economic success for every locality in the global arena. Many policies have been framed so as to regulate a desirable development and momentum to every aspect which is jointly related to the issues of globalization and urbanization.





Gubler, D. J. (2011). Dengue, urbanization and globalization: the unholy trinity of the 21st century. Tropical medicine and health, 39(4SUPPLEMENT), S3-S11.

Leitão, N. C., & Shahbaz, M. (2013). Carbon dioxide emissions, urbanization and globalization: a dynamic panel data. Economic Research Guardian, 3(1), 22.

Brahmasrene, T., & Lee, J. W. (2017). Assessing the dynamic impact of tourism, industrialization, urbanization, and globalization on growth and environment in Southeast Asia. International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology, 24(4), 362-371.

Lee, W. C., Cheong, T. S., & Wu, Y. (2017). The Impacts of Financial Development, Urbanization, and Globalization on Income Inequality: A Regression-based Decomposition Approach.

Giddens, A., Duneier, M., Appelbaum, R. P., & Carr, D. S. (2016). Introduction to sociology. WW Norton.




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