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Planet Earth is facing severe ecological crisis because of Globalization, Global Warming, and overconsumption of natural resources, revolution and over population in global society. Indigenous people around the world are trying to preserve the ecological balance of the environment and guide us by providing information on the Bio-cultural model which helps to preserve the food system (Analysis of a model designed for land restitution in protected areas in South Africa, 2011). Indigenous people deliver an insight view about the use of the local economies and practices on land management. Aboriginal people are also depicting how to maintain the spiritual relationship with nature and promote biodiversity conversation. All these factors work as the guideline for living a healthy life-style.
Bio-cultural framework is the model, which works as the lens to see the disease and embodiments. This framework enables scientists to depict the reason behind the increasing rate of illness and disease. The Bio-cultural Framework has been developed to get précised understanding about the food habit of the particular region.
According to Barndt (2009) WGIFS has developed the Indigenous Food System Network Website; the website is designed in such a way, which contains information about the individual aboriginal people in the food related action, policy and research.  The Medicine Wheel is another tool, which is used for the Bio-cultural Framework. It has four quadrants (Health, Economies, Generations and Youth, sustainability), which represent the balanced interconnection between the four factors.
Documentation of the traditional food system of Pohnpei, (2005) has depicted that Indigenous Food system depends upon several other factors like fertility of land, quality of land, weather or climate of the particular region. The growth of the crops is depending on these factors; the vast numbers of rivers, landforms, climatic zones, vegetations, watersheds are shaping the food system for thousands of years. These factors help in shaping the food habit of the indigenous people. Food habit is based on the Bio-cultural model of the particular region. Indigenous food system consists of the land, water, air, soil and culturally important plants. On the other hand, Doyle (2007) stated that Animal and Fungi species determine the food system of the indigenous people for thousands of years. Beuchat (2007) depicted that Bio-cultural framework has no impact on the food habit of the indigenous people and with the help of the technical developments; people of one place are able to learn about the food habit of other places.
Food habit of people significantly depends upon the level of energy a human body needs. Every part of the food system of indigenous region is inseparable and the ideal function of the Healthy interdependent relationship is to transfer energy. Indigenous foods are cultivated primarily and people are taken care of it. Later it is harvested, preserved, prepared and traded to the other regions. Kuhnlein (2009) opined that changing in food habit has increased the demand for different indigenous food habit. Often it is seen that indigenous food habit is limited in the boundary but recently it has crossed all the boundaries and reached in other region. Spigelski (2009) said that indigenous food system has maintained a traditional way of cultivation and food system.
By the virtue of Erasmus (2007) Indigenous people are showing great concern towards preserving the food system and ecological balance. Since the time of the colonizers, aboriginal people are facing heath related issues. There is a drastic decline in the health of the aboriginal people. To sustain the health condition, indigenous people are focusing on cultivating homegrown foods.  It is a healthier habit to intake homegrown foods.
Furthermore, as stated by Stepp (2002) apart from this indigenous people are also concentrating on effective use of resources. Selective fuel wood extraction is become the prime concern of the indigenous people. With the blessing of science, we have already explored many fuel sources but wood is still used by many people of rural sides. Aboriginal people need wood for cooking, warmth and smoking meats. Fuel wood is the necessary for the rural people, who are living in the shantytowns. With the help of the indigenous practices, they are trying to preserve the fuel wood for future use.
According to the opinion of Wyndham (2002) in southern part of African Savana, aboriginal people have developed communal woodlots and harvested the fuel wood in sustainable manner. Many villagers of this place have revealed the new method to avoid the damage in the eco-logical system of environment. People understand that cutting the specific parts of the plants for firewood has affected the regeneration of trees. Regeneration is also affected due to the fewer gaps between the plantation time of the trees and harvest time of the trees.
In accordance with zarget (2002), careful consideration is needed for undertaking a holistic approach with which biology is associated. Indigenous people have understood the negative impact of harvesting fuel wood without thinking so they used fuel wood properly. Government is also worried about the fuel wood so government should think over the matter.
On the contrary, Wong (2010) depicted that Indigenous Peoples’ Bio-cultural Climate Change Assessment Initiative or IPCCA is developed with the aim of providing empowerment to the indigenous people so that they can also adopt them with the climate change. While adopting the changes, bio-cultural framework plays a significant role.  An indigenous bio-cultural approach is being developed by the IPCCA in order to conduct necessary assessments of climatic change and associated risks for aboriginal community. This approach is evaluated with a motif to create an interconnected world where socio-culture, biophysical and spiritual elements are playing vital role for maintaining resilience.
IPCCA has taken an initiative on the climate change and the indigenous steering community drives this initiation. The Food Sovereignty Movement has built around the world and there is no universal definition of Indigenous Food Sovereignty.  This approach is considered as the new and innovative approach to achieve the long-term food security (Dube, 2004).  With an intention to address the underlying issues and the ability to respond towards the needs for the culturally adapted and healthy indigenous foods, the indigenous food sovereignty can be considered as the innovative approach.
The health of the indigenous people is maintained fruitfully with the help of the Food Sovereignty Policy approach, which have lowered the suffering of the people from chronic disease such as cardiac disease, diabetes etc. according to the current statistical report, it has been overviewed that around 19% of indigenous health gap is subjected to diet related causes in Australia. However, in remote indigenous communities of Australia almost 20% of the youth or middle-aged people have been perceived that they do not consume fruits daily and almost 15% people do not have vegetables regularly (Indigenous women and the United Nations system, 2006).
From the overall discussion of the paper, it can be excavated that Bio-cultural framework attributes a lot in the Indigenous Food system largely. Food Sovereignty Movement is also beneficial for the indigenous food system and it helps to maintain the health of the aboriginal people. Local foods are good for the health and indigenous people have understood the need of the local food systems.  Bio-culture framework first research on the topic and then takes action; later the Bio-cultural Framework also monitors the entire work. Different workshops are organized to teach the indigenous people about the bio-cultural diversity.

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Concentration of media owner ship happens when only a small number of companies control the vast majority of the media including the different media like the television, newspaper etc. In Canada there are only a small number of companies that own all of the media including magazines, TV channels, radio, newspaper and other media. Apart from these few companies there are a small number of community based broadcasters only. Some of the diverse media are owned by the companies such as the bell, Quebecor, Shaw, Rogers and the government owned Canadian broadcasting corporation. These companies have gone through a series of changes in the time period between 1990 and 2005. Some of the smaller companies have been bought by bigger companies and some companies grew more through the use of mergers and acquisitions. This can be seen in the independent newspaper ownership which was 18% in 1990 and was reduced to 1% in 2005.the osprey, city TV, CHUM limited were all taken over in the period by the prominent companies controlling the market. Thus the expansion of said companies further concentrated the media ownership in Canada.
In Canada it is an issue as the small number of companies owning different media tends to make the news quality lower and the issue of lack of news diversity rises. In Canada the population is comparatively small so there is the media consolidation is allowed to sometimes because the smaller population could not support the multiple television stations competing for revenues in advertisements. So the same company owning multiple channels is a trend in Canada. This type of media ownership was commonplace in smaller markets in 1990s but in that time it was changed by allowing same company to own multiple channels in the larger markets of Toronto, Montreal and Vancouver. These steps have been a folly according to different specialists. Most of the channels operating today in the market of Canada are owned by national media conglomerates and most of the channels are operated and maintained by the different associate companies of the media companies. These acquisitions have been very shady and many suspect foul play regarding these acquisitions and takeovers. In the case of newspapers that are owned by the television companies which does not account for all of the newspapers but certainly covers most of them there are government restrictions. The operations of the television channels and the operations of the newspaper can only be merged to a certain degree. They need to be separate in some degree to retain their own individuality and variety of the news. In radio a company is restricted to owning three channels in the same market. There is also the stipulation that only two of the channels might be of the same broadcast band.
There is strict law regarding foreign ownership of media in the Canadian market. Any Canadian media company in the market cannot have more than 20% of foreign ownership. This makes sure that the current small companies operating in the Canadian market that suffer from financial viability are not bought and operated by the foreign companies that can quickly make use of the current condition of the market to become a force in the industry. If the foreign companies gain a foothold in the industry then many of the local companies of the sector will be taken over in time or they might form collaborations to take over the market as the company with foreign funding will have more than significant advantage over the other national competitors.


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Democracy has been defined to be a system with four significant pillars; representative government, active participation of the citizen within the political election process, freedom and transparency of process in general and political acts. However, critics and authoritarians portray a very common misapprehension in consideration of the “democracy and power”. They say that- “Democracy or a democratic government, lacks the power to dominate and might even lack the weight to govern the entire system”. Their perspective has been proven wrong as numerous authors illuminated the positivity of a democratic system (Girling, 2002). A democratic system is fundamentally formed of a government that believes “to be limited not weak”.
Democratic systems have gained popularity in all over the world, Asian or western; people have embraced the democratic system and believed it to be a near perfect political system. However, some parts of the world are still equipped with non-democratic political system. Numerous politicians have their personal views and perspectives over the meaning of democracy and non-democracy. Practically, a democratic system and a non-democratic system differs from one another in their theory and practices as well. As far as corruption is concerned, it would be partially true to say that only “Non-democratic systems indulge corruption”. In case of a government within democratic governance fail to keep up to their promises, they will encourage corruption (Morris and Blake, 2009).
Definition of democracy and non-democracy
A Democracy as described by numerous researchers as the “rule by population”; a democracy includes participation of the government and the population in the interest of the community. While on other hand, some authors and political scientists described the “Democracy as a descriptive terminology with majority rule”. Democratic system includes a process of voting or election as legitimate process for applying the opinion of majority. In other words, democracy symbolizes a political system that allows common people to participate in the election and influence the system.
“Non-democracy” or “autocracy” includes a single ruler or a group of rulers not by the population (Phillips, 2002). In comparison with a democratic system, a smaller group of people or a single ruler rules or forms the policies or the system of law in non-democratic governance.
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There are numerous case and theoretical evidences that supports the statement “democratization does breed/encourage corruption hypothesis”. Various researchers have emphasized over commercial sector; they opined that corruption can trigger behaviour with monopolistic competitive attributes that can be witnessed among the agents belonging to the private sector. Young or juvenile democracies often suffer from unsatisfactory funds or monetary resources, thus they facilitate rent seekers with superior access to the public administrators, hence facilitates superior opportunities for gathering rents from public sector. Democracy often triggers political corruption, which affects numerous aspects of the society. The corruption takes root in the democratic process from the start where the representatives of public are supposed to be chosen solely based on the faith of public and the reputation of an individual (Rackley, 2006). But the choosing process is filled with corruption in even most advanced of countries. There has been the setting of strict regulation on what a candidate for representation can or can’t do in the election campaign. But the those rules are often circumnavigated by giving false promises by corrupt politicians who are not in any way interested in serving the people who choose him as representative but instead they are only interested in the position of the representative which will afford them the power to involve themselves in even more corrupt practices which will benefit only them and not the people who chose him to be their representative. Even the president bush Jr. was accused of breaking the rules of election campaign by distributing cigars to the public to entice them into voting for him during the precedential campaign.
Then after being elected as the representatives of the public they choose to further pursue their own goals of political power and higher ranking which will afford them even more power to provide benefits for them and their own or in many cases provide benefits for specific organizations or individuals by brokering deals which will afford them benefits or power or in most common cases money. Many different politicians who are supposed to be representing different factions of the population often broker deals among themselves with total disregard for the faith the people put in them to represent their interests in the parliament or the senate. In many cases the choosing of these corrupt politicians are the responsibility of the public as they allow themselves to be enticed into choosing the wrong person as their representative by being influenced by their false promises. These foolish people deserve no better than being represented by morally deficient politicians who are governed by self interest and in most cases do not care about the general populace they are chosen to represent at all. In most of the cases of corruption it is clearly evident who is thinking about the public or the benefit of some specific organization or individual (Girling, 2002). But the even the most intelligent of the people often ignore these lapses of ideal as they often ignore to see the long lasting effect of such decisions in their lives.
Government officials often misuse their power and authorities for unlawful, personal benefits and secret use, which makes the societal foundations completely corrupt. Corruption is considered to be a crucial societal and social evil that alters mass welfare and equal chances especially for have-nots. While on one hand developed countries are rarely affected with the issue of corruption due to the availability of enormous resources (Trang, 1994). While on the other hand, developing counties witness numerous corruptions due to the reason that their resources are limited and very few, which leads to rampant corruption that affects common population. Corruption can generate financial distortion; public investments are redirected into private/capital projects that engage maximum number of bribes and other forms of corruption. In a democracy, government officials are allowed to use their power/authorities in public interests; however government officials take illegitimate advantage of their power and turn things in their favour. Officials may even raise the technical difficulties for public sector projects in order to hide for the illegitimate dealings, which additionally increase the distortion. Corruption can also affect the compliance with environmental, construction or any other regulations, which reduces the superiority of government infrastructure and services that eventually amplifies the budgetary strain on the government.
Since, corruption triggers financial distortions it weakens the monetary growth and development of the country. Political parties or officials are despite of being west or east, without any exceptions flourishing corrupt democracy and politics that provides suitable stage that they use to gain wealth as much as possible during their ruling situation/period. Corruption affects every element or individual of the society from wherever it passes through. Though, there are agencies for neutralizing corruption, they are making nearly no difference of very smaller difference to the corruption of the society. Government officials often restrict such anti-corruption officials or take neutralize their personal conditions, which makes them incapable of doing anything.
Thus, once again it would not be fair to state that only non-democratic governance indulges corruption, as evidences and reports show a completely different image.
The non-democratic country does not support the equal power of the public. The public do not have the authority to run or control the activities of the government (McClelland, 2006). The autocratic system mainly runs with the concept of encouraging a person with the supreme power over the country. It is criticised that the autocratic systems are mostly encourages the corrupted government. In most of the cases as the power of the supreme power is concentrated in the hand of only one person and as he or she is able to decide anything inside the country, the unethical autocrat will utilise the property of the public illegally. Actually, an autocratic system does not have any constant mode of the particular behaviour of the government (Dixit, 2010).  The situation differs with respect to the personal ethical perspectives of the individual who is holding the power in the country. However, the autocratic system can be different types, oligarchy, monarchy, technocracy or theocracy. In case of the oligarchy, the power of the government lies in the hand of very few number of people or the government. In most of the cases, the power is provided to the hand of the family. The particular group of people can be a royal family, wealthy community or military power. In case of the oligarchic government,   the few people who hold the power are eligible to utilise the property of the people without any control of the constitution or the legal authorities. However, in case of the Military control, a country is much safer from the corruption (Rackley, 2006). The military government is usually run by the head of the military force of the country. In case of the monarchy, the supreme power of the government lies in the hand of an individual person or the king who has obtained the power of thorn by birth or by war. In case of monarchy, the autocratic government is efficient to control the corruption by his skills. The king can be unethical and may be corrupted as he has the right to do anything with the public fund. An ethical king also may reduce corruption in the government by applying his supreme power and positive will for the good of the country (Maddison and Denniss, 2005).  A country can also be a theocracy where the supreme power mainly lies in the hand of certain religious groups. The theocratic government may be corrupted as the people who are in the role of controlling the government activities may misuse the religious sentiment or the religious instructions. The corruption in a theocratic country mainly affects the people who are not in the religious community of the main religion. However, good ethical considerations can be observed in the countries where the theocratic authority follows the religious instruction and do not utilise the public property by their own will. The theocratic government can be observed in most of the Islamic countries, where t he legal and administrative authority is mainly directed by the law of Islam. The need of the people are many times harmed as in the theocratic country the common public may not be aware about the absolute instructions of the religion (Khan, 2009). Moreover, the theocracy does not support the secular government that results in a great fluctuation of the ethical perspective how a government in the modern world should be. Aristocracy can also be a form of the autocracy. In that case, the financial powers usually are the main source of the power of the controller of the government. In these types of autocracy, the government is highly corrupted. The people who are in the best financial position run the government activities misuse the public property for their own purpose (Nur-tegin, 2014). However, unlike the democratic system, the autocratic government do not have any liability to show the cause their activities. The people are not able to contact or advice the government for changing any decisions.
The elimination of the corruption is an important factor for the different kind of the government bodies.  The democratic system has a well-established constitution that can be referred for directing the level of corruption of the government. In case of the democratic government, the people also can select the government authority according to their own with using their voting power. In case of the democratic system, the people have the right to information about the government activities (Kleinjan and Coutinho, 2009). However, in case of the autocratic government, the government may or may not be corrupted in accordance with their personal wish and ethical perspectives. The people usually are not able to judge the government as the people do not have the power of controlling the government. In case of the autocratic government, the ministry is usually run by the intension of the autocrats. The news media is also can be controlled by the autocratic government. This harms the usual ethical perspectives of the government activities (Schubert, 2005).  If any misconduct is observed in the activities of the autocrat, there are no proper processes of controlling his activities. In the modern world most of the countries have power of sovereignty. This directly affects the normal process of the controlling the misconduct of another country. The solution of eliminating the corruption from the government is very much difficult in case of the autocratic country, unlike the democratic one.  The proper power distribution is also an important part of elimination of the corruption. The government never runs by singlehandedly (Linde and Karlsson, 2013). In autocratic country, the autocrat only can supervise the activities of the government and make the final decision by his or her own power. Hence, the process of controlling the misconduct carried out by the other government authority is also affect the public interest. However, a strong autocratic leader with anti corruptive attitude can also improve the process of the utilising public property in a fairer way.
Corruption is not in any way dependent on a specific political system by which a state is run. The corruption can be equally present in a autocratic system as well as a democratic one. The corruption levels of the governments of different nations and states depend upon the nature of the politicians or the representatives or in case of an autocracy on the leader himself or the people in the government who are directly supporting the leader. The basic nature of a person is either in support of corruption or strictly anti corruption. There is also a segment who are not corrupt themselves but do not speak up against corruption when they see it happening in front of their eyes. The democratic system of every nation is a balance between these three kinds of people (Linde & Karlsson, 2013). If there are the majority of politicians with anti corruption mindset then the government is in most cases corruption free but it is a sad truth that such a system is rarely seen in the current world. The democratic system is division of power among the population or specifically the representatives of people who are responsible for the running of the government. In most of the cases there is some percentage of corrupt politicians in the systems and in the government offices of unscrupulous individuals. There is neither an abundance of corruption or total absence of it. But in the case of autocracy as it has been noted before a dictator with strong morals and an anti corruption mindset can stop corruption in the tracks but it is only possible because he is the individual who has the power to do so. In the case of many dictators it can be the exact opposite as they themselves support corruption and give undue benefits to their own people and unlike democracy no amount of public opinion can remove him from power and his influence will force other people who are not in support of corruption to stay silent and allow the anarchy to go on(Yatsunyk, Bryan & Brad Johnson, 2012). So it can be said that the corruption is present in all the systems to some extent. In democracy it is almost always present to some extent but in case of autocracy it exists in more of an all or nothing form. Where there is either no corruption at all or an over abundance of corruption in all aspects of the system. This is why democracy in most cases is having problems regarding corruption as it is possible for the people to remove the corrupt leaders of the state from power by united protest against the individuals. It is hard but doable but in case of autocracy it is not possible to stop corruption if the dictator is corrupt without massive upheaval. So democracy is the situation where most corruption is uncovered and ensuing protest follows and they come into the focus of the media.
It is clear from the topic of the essay that the matter is highly controversial and totally dependent of the opinion of an individual. In the opinion of the researcher it is a matter of opinion as corruption is present in many forms in all the different control systems that are seen in many states all around the world. The corruption is present is democratic systems and non democratic systems both. But as it has been discussed in the previous point that the corruption is the facet of politics that is present in all systems of states to some extend independent of the way the state is controlled or run. Even if some dictator with morals which is an anti thesis of the general idea of dictators is present in some state he is theoretically able to stop corruption in its tracks. But in most cases the corruption level is higher in the autocratic systems than in the democratic ones because the power of a dictator behind the corruption makes it unstoppable and much more noticeable by the general populace and the news media (Nur-tegin, 2014)
. In case of democracy the corruption is stoppable by public opinion and censure so it is done much more discreetly and the level is noticeably lower than other systems. So it is wrong to say only non democratic systems are prone to corruption as it is not true. The democratic systems are as prone to corruption as any other system but are less conspicuous and the level of corruption is lower in most cases. So the argument on whether it is fair to say that only non democratic systems are prone to corruption the scale weighs on the side of negative. The conclusion to which we come after discussing the supporting statements in the essay is that all systems are equally prone to corruption to some extent.

Forming a habit

It has been found through recent studies that in order to stick to a habit you need to do it constantly for a week! so lets try it and see results !

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Report on an interesting exoplanet discovery that has taken place within the last two years and which has implications for the field of astrobiology. Be sure to summarize what is particularly significant about this discovery.
As the Kepler space telescope has been sent on its second or K2 mission of finding planets outside our solar systems almost 150,000 stars that are in our galaxy has been found. Moreover, the telescope uses transit model to find out about the exoplanets that are part of the solar system of those stars. This method used the dip in brightness when a planet crosses the star in the view of the telescope. So this is one method that relies on probability heavily.  Almost 4000 planets are found by the scientists till date and the 1000th one just has been confirmed by the telescope in the 2016 January.
Among these planets there are some that are part of other solar systems that are vastly different than our sun. Although due to various reasons these planets exhibit the same characteristics as earth. The climate and structure and the materials are similar to the earth although the sizes of them vastly differ. These planets are far away some of them more than 1100 light-years away so there is no question of verifying if there is really similar life forms on the planets. So the astrobiology mostly depend on the simulation on whether these planets could sustain life or not. There are also 550 candidates of planets among which six are similar to earth in size and are in the habitable zones of the relevant solar systems. The discovered and confirmed planets also have the planets similar to earth and consistent rotation so that the climate of the planets are habitable (, 2016).
Two of the newly discovered planets Kepler-438b and Kepler-442b that are less than 1.5 time the size of earth. Among them the Kepler 438b is 475 light-years away and is 12% bigger than earth. And Kepler 442 b is 1100 light-years away and 33% bigger than earth. They are part of a solar system that have a sun much less hot than the earth’s sun so the habitable zones are much closer to the sun and for that reason the different planets are much faster while rotating their stars as they are closer to them and the orbit is smaller (NASA, 2016).

With each new discovery there are even more small planets that might host a similar suitable condition for life to thrive on the planet are found.   There is 90 % chance of the planet having water which is essential for life to exist and it has to be in liquid from. And the planets are made by rocky substance which is another essential factor. The most significant thing to note about this discovery is the small planets that are in the habitable zone in the solar system are also possibly able to sustain life. It is found that the planets number in the habitable zones of the stars are high and soon it will be discovered if the planets are able to sustain life or not.
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Hello friends!       

So most of my students inquire about MLA style and they find it hard to write an essay in MLA style properly. So I thought I would give an example that I helped my student in making it.So basically here is a typical format.... Will give you details in further coming blogs. Meanwhile you can check the format :)

Student’s name
Professor’s name
Effects of modern technology on human interaction processes

Modern technology has become the integral part of the human lives. In this present world, the lives of the human beings have been highly oriented with the use of technology. The reason behind the huge significant difference between the humans and the animals is that the animals are not likely to use new technology or develop an understanding of the same, whereas the humans can very well understand every aspect of life and know how to use technology in the betterment of their lives. New technology impacts the human lives in almost every field. In fact, it can be said that the human lives are being greatly impacted with the advent of new technology. People can learn new culture and religion of the others widely through technological acquaintance (Herzfeld, 2009). It might be argued that with the advent of various new technologies, the human lives have changed to a great extent and thus this paper will explore how modern technology has impacted upon the human interaction processes both positively and negatively.
Modern technology has affected the human lives from every sphere. Without the help of modern technology, people now almost forgotten to live in their ways. As per the comments of Bridgman, (1995), with the proliferation of technology in the entire world, people have been able to overcome all the potential obstacles and hurdles regarding the space and time. Technology has helped the people to come closer to each other (Technology, 2008). In this globalisation, advancement is of utmost significance as this will lead the world to progress in an effective manner. Hence the advent of technology has proved to be the extensive way in which the world can step up to the next level. According to Pacey, (1999), technology has changed the lives of the people widely.

Furthermore, the human lives have become more comfortable and easy that was never before. There is no place in this present world where technology is not used. Every activity of the humans is oriented with technology. The modern technology is being respected and valued by all the people as it is always there to benefit them in every possible way. This has enabled the people to communicate and interact with the people on the other side of the globe with much ease. The advancement of technology, as per the comments of Blair & Kochan, (2000), has increased the speed of communication and thus people have been able to keep in touch with each other at a decreased cost. Social networking sites have thus been predominant among the humans in these days.

                                           Works Cited page usually goes at the end.

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 Can relinquishment of technology preserve our future?

As Bill Joy (2000) suggests the humanity should practice relinquishment in case of some particular technology cannot be supported by me and I am loath to believe that although some thoughts of the reasons behind relinquishment is true, the total abandonment of a technological development is the answer to our problem. The humanity is now days dependent on the technology for many aspects of our life. Some developments like the nuclear, biotechnology and chemicals has limited scope but the scope for the gene manipulation, nanotechnology and robotics have infinite scope for the future of humanity.

 Like whether the cloning of animals should progress to humans or not, although the question of morality is raised, the benefits of such developments cannot be overlooked anymore. “The gene manipulation can produce monsters so it should be abandoned”, this is a baseless and backward thought as what can be done can also be undone. What would anyone who believes the statement say when some new disease kills all livestock and gene manipulation is the only way to provide livestock resilient to the disease. This example only proves the fact that the intent is the main concern about the technological breakthroughs and only human nature and intent can be responsible for disaster. The technology itself has vast potential of doing good or bad based on the intent of the user.
The only way to stop this is not relinquishment as Bill Joy suggests, as it would stop human development in its tracks. The proper monitoring and control over the technology is what is needed. If someone is to blame for the disasters caused by technology it is the person intended the use. Therefore, the person should be held responsible for the disaster. It can be said that the technology is the tool and the human is the wielder of the weapon who decides on whether to destroy or create the future of humanity.

.Joy, B. (2000). Why the future doesn’t need us. Nanoethics. The Ethical and Social Implications of Nanotechnology, 17-30. 

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