Education and Freedom ( Subject: Philosophy)

II) Education and Freedom

While the issue of refinement has dependably, from a toxicological perspective, been humankind’s focal issue, it now assumes the personality of an unpreventable concern. Sympathy toward refinement leads on the double to the acknowledgment of dehumanization, as an ontological plausibility as well as a chronicled reality. What's more, as an individual sees the degree of dehumanization, he or she may inquire as to whether acculturation is a reasonable plausibility. Inside history, in solid, target settings, both acculturation and dehumanization are potential outcomes for a man as an uncompleted being aware of their in-consummation (Eagleton, 2014).
The present developments of defiance, particularly those of youth, while they fundamentally mirror the characteristics of their separate settings, show in their quintessence this distraction with individuals as creatures on the planet and with the world distraction with what and how they are being. As they place customer progress in judgment, censure administrations of assorted types, request the change of the colleges changing the unbending way of the instructor understudy relationship and putting that relationship inside the setting of reality. On the other hand, while both refinement and dehumanization are genuine choices, just the first is the general population's business. This work is continually refuted, yet it is avowed by that very refutation. It is ruined by treachery, abuse, mistreatment, and the viciousness of the oppressors; it is attested by the longing of the persecuted for opportunity and equity, and by their battle to recoup their lost humankind. To be sure, to concede to dehumanization as a verifiable business would lead to either scepticism or aggregate gloom. The battle for refinement, for the liberation of work, for the overcoming of estrangement, for the assertion of men and people as people would be good for nothing. This battle is conceivable simply because dehumanization, in spite of the fact that a solid chronicled actuality, is not a given fate but rather the consequence of a low request that induces savagery in the oppressors, which thusly dehumanizes the persecuted.

III) Culture, Hegemony and Totalitarianism

Question 1

Hegemony or dominion is the dominating impact over the others. In the media likewise has the dominion to their exercises. We definitely know, cash makes the way of life. Since all artisanship needs, an outlet whether is it on TV, in motion picture theatres, on DVD, in distributing or even in a workmanship exhibition.
That creating and keeping up side media attempt to get the dominion. Taking after things dominion imperative the media aspects covered are organizations, dialect, news data, controlling yield, portrayals, possession, and initiation. When we take a media without creation they certainly can't achieve extremely well from gathering of people. We may know dialect is essential source to every media. In addition, the media has the ability to give the dialect. Broad communications are the intense establishment to control individuals. For instance, broad communications can speak to by the specific culture. Through their program watcher can distinguish the unmistakable message about the public. Therefore, media has the abnormal state assignment (Gee, 2015).
Furthermore, media can utilize the authority in another style. For instance media can be changed individuals mind the individuals who are viewed the specific media. So they use to their administration to this strategy. Therefore, this sort works done by the administration in media.

In the meantime, if Media indicate anything itself they will never gathering of people. At the point when media demonstrate the motion picture or any program, they ought to consider the gathering of people feeling. Gramsci's connecting of the truth of class govern and class control with the similarly genuine amalgam of practices and perfect standards of conduct, congruity, and law, is very much combined in the particular association between his ideas of belief system and dominion, specifically, the ideas of "natural philosophy" and the natural scholarly. This remembered, it could not be disregarded that Gramsci was instrumental in correcting the thought of philosophy, as was held then by the "marxist" theoreticians of the Second Global in addition to the Bolshevik Party concerning the aspects of Stalin time frame. 
Everyday Life and Nietzsche point of views ( Subject: Sociology/ Philosophy)

I) Reason Civilization and Everyday Life

Nietzsche and Freud both had a similar thought that society was a central point affecting ones conduct. Be that as it may they contrasted in their impression of the intrinsic characteristics of people and how human advance is best accomplished. It will be appeared in this paper how Nietzsche and Freud contrast in their view of the inborn characteristics of people. Nietzsche trusted that people were inherently great and that the substance of people existed in their will. Freud trusted that people's inborn qualities were terrible and it was society which was expected to stifle these qualities.
Nietzsche felt that society had excessively control over people. He expresses that society had embraced a kind of slave ethical quality. Nietzsche felt that if the individual needed to succeed he or she needed to break free of society to better him or herself. The premise of this thought was the hypothesis of the will. Nietzsche trusted the will was the human substance. Will is an intrinsic quality since it is not still, small voice from what society says (Chomsky, 2015). Nietzsche trusted that people were fundamentally conceived great and it was society that made one awful. Keeping in mind the end goal to stay away from society undermining an individual, one needed to take after their will (Carnoy, 2014). He needed the will to be unhindered by society and so as to do this one needed to get rid of still, small voice and awareness. Still, small voice is ones feeling of right or wrong which originates from what society says. Nietzsche trusted that one’s awareness is a figment and it must be relinquished. By abandoning what society said and taking after ones will, the individual could accomplish enormity. Achievement and advance is best accomplished, as indicated by Nietzsche, just when there is an unending articulation of the will exhibit.
Freud felt it was society that was valuable to the person. In spite of Nietzsche, Freud trusted that people were actually conceived awful and it was society, which made him or her terrible. Freud trusted that people were conceived with an id.

Despite the fact that separately made, these speculations could be entwined, even utilized together. Hence, it is the question of this paper to demonstrate that the Freudian hypothesis about the oblivious id and sense of self are similar to the thought on the Apollonian and Dionysian realities exhibited by Nietzsche. 
Negative Utopia ( Subject: Philosophy )

Negative utopia is also defined as dystopia which simply refers to anti-utopia. The term is commonly an addressal of a society or a community that seems to be undesirable in nature or is terrifying and alarming in nature. While, Utopia is moreover considered as an important social construct for the society, dystopia (better known as negative utopia) is a social construct or a state of living where it becomes just impossible for the people to live a comfortable and healthy life as things become unbearably horrifying and terrible in nature. Dystopia is again considered as a significant concept for the society as the same leads to turn up a innovative and revolutionary society. As per the Dystopian literatures, it can be made evident that the nature of the dystopia is attributable to authoritative nature in the society. The negative aspects of the negative utopias often suggest that dystopias also help in the discovering new concepts for abusing technology and that do help in increasing the mass poverty and brutal political control for the society. The dystopian or negative utopia but has helped and facilitated the world to explore the new edges of science fictions as well has made fullest use of technological advancements in today’s world. It is not that all the dystopian cities are surviving from horrible situations. But there are some nations that did experience worthy situations due to the influence of the dystopian society. The same helped the businesses and even the individuals’ power over controlling the humanity. People today know how to make optimum utilization of the key resources and thus create comfort through the adaptation of the improvised technological developments. 

1: Niccolo Machiavelli is one of the recognized Italian Renaissance historian, a famous diplomat of that time, a popular humanist and a politician of that time. He is better known and recognized as the creator of political science. He was the former theorist who first who discriminated and separated the concept of politics from ethics and drew an autonomy and independence in the study of politics. In one of his handbooks like as “The Prince”, he claimed that he is actually not interested in speaking of ideal republics and imaginary utopias. He dealt with effectual truth of politics in his works. The major motive was to ensure realistic use of the self-government. His works like as “The Prince” literally shows the world about the expected intricacies that the world would have experienced if the same were looked in a demoralized perspective.

2: During the period of enlightenment, with the help of the philosophical movements that even controlled and governed the world of ideas. The fundamental element of enlightenment era is closely related to the concept of “scientific revolution”. The same movement also a included a wide range of facts and facets of liberty, tolerance, progress, fraternity, constitutional government and the severance of church and the state itself.

3: The era of enlightenment was the age when rambling intellectuals, philosophers, cultural figures and social movements had scattered through England, France, Germany and other parts of Europe. Enlightenment is defined as the evolution of man from his self- incurred immaturity. According to Kant, good morality can be perceived through the era of enlightenment that really occurs only when there are least external influences, which may even result in corruption (Smith, 2013)

4: Hegel’s Phenomenology of Mind is actually related to the only recognition. According to his philosophical movement, the nature of the recognized desire actually turns up to be a master, whereas the recognizing desire takes the nature of a slave. Slave is actually, what represents the ability of working under the instructions of the masters. Slaves are actually de-humanized according to the philosophy and the master’s existence purely depends on the existence of the slaves. Hegel introduced the concept of slave ideology. He was the first to realise that slaves must accredit the need of external content of freedom. According to his beliefs, equality, justice and freedom are symmetric for all masters and slaves in the world afterlife. He believed that there is no master without a slave and that led him to consider the concept of formal freedom for slaves apart from material freedom.

6: Marx’s conception of “Commodity Fetishism” enables to understand the dichotomy of commodities. Commodity according to him is the explicit objects that satisfy the wants of the human beings. Commodity Fetishism is the technique where the commodities persuade with the benefit of the financial exposition that even empowers the value of the commodity irrespective of the labour productivity. Marx has identified the two most important aspects in “Commodity Fetishism” namely – use value and exchange value. He considered the modern technological advancements as mysterious objects. Commodities are actually magical in nature as they are dissimilar from the manufacturing processes.
7: According to the Marx theory of human nature, human nature is generally treated as “species-being” or “species-essence”. Marx also expressed the viewpoint that humans are different from animals. Human beings produce their own physical environments. According to the philosophies of Marx, productive activities were always essential for carrying on human activities (Calzada-Pérez, 2014).

8: Relative autonomy is the concept that relates to the state power depending upon the Marxist ideas. The phenomenon of relative autonomy takes into consideration that the state may play the role of a limited sovereign role in maintaining the stability of a capitalist society. The concept of relative autonomy is different from pluralism by considering the state power as a diverse element from the ideological and structural characteristics of capitalism and a capitalist society. Gramsci has tried to encompass with the economic bases of mission control according to the Marxism theories of relative autonomy those edges out to the passive agents of superstructure model.

10: False consciousness is the basic concept that is actually imitative in nature from the Marxist theory of social class. False consciousness also encompasses with the methodical falsification of the foremost social relations in the society with the subordinates existing in the society. While Marx offered an objective theoretical ideology for class that is entirely based on the analysis of the objective features of economic relations that builds up the social constructs for the society, Louis Althusser mostly came up with a significant perspective that supported the roles of ideology in the class society. The findings of Althusser actually distinguish from interpretations of Marx and the former states the relevance of “ideological state apparatus” that generates social states of knowledge in the society. Althusser’s works strongly places arguments regarding the fact that ideologies are insentient in nature and he believed that social structure is reluctantly imposed upon most of the men in the society.

11: The ideology of reproducing labour power by Althusser is considered as the most effective ideological apparatus. This ideology helps in lending labour power a new material means for reproducing itself by means of wages. As wages are the cost of labour and is the value of the labour, the same helps in progression of the labour power of the wage earners, this ideology seems to be an effective phenomenon being applied in reproducing efficient labour power in relation to the material conditions in the production processes.

13: Lacan focused on three stages of psychosexual development namely – the real order, the imaginary order and the symbolic order. According to his perception, the infant usually stumbles upon a mirror. In his theories, ego is always alienated as the same is destructive in nature. Too much of ego can make individuals less sympathetic. It can also restrict people from growing. Ego can make an individual competitive but in an unhealthy manner. The same creates the situation more critical in nature.

14: Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison, the book written by Michel Foucault referred to only identify the social as well as the theoretical constructs that took place in the Western penal system and legislative systems. Foucault only proactively focussed and considered the legal systems and the political background of the physical phenomenon that liberated the rights and the power of the regimes. He also produced a clear outline of the fact that imprisonment has not just become the only form of penalty for punishing any individual on the humanitarian grounds (Gunder, 2010). However, he has also empowered that imprisonment with disciplines are also found in many places like as school, colleges and even care homes. He argued later that disciplinary power controls and even is circumstantial to the entire society. He believed that there are two types of punishments – violent punishment and chaotic public torture. Foucault however wanted his readers to consider the factors driving them towards changes and the ways in which the concept of the western attitudes changed. He also believed that punishment corresponded to the initial step to generalize the significance of punishment.

15: The three most important phases of problem for madness are as follows – the Renaissance, the “Classical Age” and the Modern experience. Foucault contends to the dawn of age of reason.
17: Ideology is actually comprises of normative beliefs, conscious and unconscious ideas that a particular society usually is usually considered. The idea of progress initially was grown up from the perspective of enlightenment since the 18th century. Human nature is actually difficult and the same is actually twisty. Most of the human beings are compliant and are neither good nor bad and thus compassion is an innate as cruelty.

18: The Great Transformation written by Karl Polanyi. He tried to contend that the contemporary market economy and the contemporary nation state must appreciate the different elements of the human invention. The ideology of the great transformation deals with the economic mentalities. In this particular ideology, people are mostly based on the reciprocity and redistribution of the capitalist institutions.

19: Science is actually anarchistic enterprise according to the words of Paul Feyerabend. The concept seems to be valid on the humanitarian grounds and also facilitates and encourages the progress in the legal and jurisdictional alternatives existing within the society.

20: Capitalism is referred to a particular system that assures people to live a self-fulfilled life. This is mostly common in America, mostly in divorce cases, child abuse, domestic violence and alcoholism among the people. Irrespective of self-realization, there exist some levels of alienation, which may even lead to self-deception at several cases. Marx tried to encompass with reasons for how capitalism became an economic concept as – the same is a recognized economic system and that too emphasizes with the division of labour and thus influences the profitability of the nation. Capitalism is an ideology as the same generates alienation that the same is an economic system where the subordinates usually control the productivity as well as the labour power (Althusser, 2014).
22: A dominant culture is the one that helps in providing effective ways of interaction and understanding that are actually relevant to the groups and the situation. Often it is impossible for that particular group to get depressed and suppressed as the group is characterized with innovation, confidence and effective organization. The most anonymous example is the field of education. There are different ways in which education can be represented namely – the skill of developing individual capacities, social constructs for giving the children the feasibility in attaining skills that actually contribute towards the benefits of the society and to make every student loyal and an obedient citizen. However, the concept of culture later was introduced to replace the language of race. The essence of cultures endorsed in cultural relativism is actually today fostered through the execution of several multicultural approaches to education, policymaking  and activism. This however facilitates the schematization of the modern communal and supporting relations. This is mostly because, due to the failure of the culturalist approaches that usually intended in encountering the racism, specifically attributed towards the supposed individuality politics mostly among the minority groups.
23: Within the teacher-student relationship, there exists a narrative character. Narration however helps the students in memorising the narrated content automatically. According to Paulo Freire, based on the humanitarian ground, education has positively become an act of deposition where the depositories as well as the professors play the role of depositors. The stakes usually lie around the fact that leads to change the consciousness of the oppressed. Often people who are more oppressed are able to adapt this situation rather than that of the dominated individuals. The oppressed individuals are however recognized as the pathology for the entire society. The nature of the problem-posing education can withstand the security of the oppressor.
24: Universal coldness is actually a metaphor. The concept of universal coldness actually refers to the social exclusion of any class from the society due to any severity in the social constructs and they are being deprived from getting included in any social factors. Moreover, the concept claims that universal coldness relates to the social exclusion due to cold-related concepts. Social exclusion from the society actually makes people deprived and isolated from the society. Social exclusion also leads individuals from on-line virtual interaction and that do increases the desire of the people to have warm food. This particular outlook also intends in facilitating the social cognition of the employees and also literally supports the perceptual contents of the same (Paliokosta & Blandford, 2010).

Sea Resort SWOT ANALYSIS ( SUBJECT: Marketing, Business, Administration )




Socio Cultural Sustainability

Socio cultural sustainability is most vital in the context of hospitality sectors (Baum, 2011). Sea Resort is a midsized hospitality brand of Panama, Mexico. To attract maximum number of tourists to their organisation, the management has to take suitable strategies for maintaining socio cultural sustainability.

SWOT Analysis

SWOT analysis helps the organisations to understand their positions in terms of socio cultural sustainability (Baum, 2011). Strengthens are the positive sides of the organisation that helps them to enhance their performance. In addition, to improve their performances, the organisation Sea Resort also has to utilize strengthens in proper ways (Lennon and Peet, 2010). On the other hand, they also have to take suitable steps for mitigating their weaknesses as well as threats.
To serve the guests better, the hospitality brand Sea Resort has to focus on the socio cultural aspects. They should value the cultural aspects of their guests (Lennon and Peet, 2010). In addition, they also have to give priority to the social needs of their guests. Being a well known destination place, a large number of tourists from various parts of the world visit there. So, the organisation has to give priority to the cultural values of the tourist from other countries also (Messenger and Shaw, 2011). They have to provide all the facilities to their guests as per their demands. Besides these, tourism is also a method of cultural exchange. So, they also should promote local culture among the tourists (Messenger and Shaw, 2011). So, by giving priority to the cultural values of the tourists, the hotel brand is able to enhance their guests’ experiences.
As a large portion of the tourists of hotel brand are from other parts of the world, so they face difficulties in communication with the hotel staffs (Messenger and Shaw, 2011). So, to enhance their guests’ experiences, the organisation has to train their employees effectively such that they can be able to communicate with the guests efficiently.
Mexico is a popular for its natural beauty and cultural values. So, the organisation Sea Resort may promote their local customs, cultures to attract more guests to their organisation.
The organisation Sea Resort is suffering from the threat of lack of effective communication with the guests.

Action Goals

v  The organisation has to train their service staffs properly to reduce the weakness of lack of effective communication with the guests (Nailon, 2012).
v  Besides giving preferences to the own culture and tastes of guests, the organisation also should help the guest to explore about the cultural values of the Mexican culture.


Ø  To promote local cultures, customs to the guests to make them aware about local cultural values (Nailon, 2012). Besides this, they also have to give priority to the cultural values of their guests.
Ø  In addition, the organisation also should divide the market as per their demands that will help them to take suitable tactics for enhancing their customers’ experiences.
Ø  To improve their customers’ experience they also have to focus on effective communication process with the guests (Baum, 2011). Effective communication is also essential for understanding about the major needs of the guests.

Economic and Political Sustainability

Economics and political stability both are the major aspects in the tourism industries. Economic factors directly influence the tourists. Besides this, the hospitality brand Sea Resort also has to implement latest innovations in their organisation to attract more guests to their organisation (Baum, 2011). I this context, they require sufficient amount of money to adopt latest innovations in their organisation. Political stability in the country also helps the hospitality brands to attract large number of tourists to their organisation.

SWOT Analysis

Natural beauty and goodwill as the major tourist spots in the world helps the country Mexico to attract huge number of foreign tourists annually. As the Sea Resort is a famous hospitality brand of Mexico, so they can be able to draw the attention of the foreign tourists to their organisation.
In the economical slowdown stage, like other hospitality brands all over the world, Sea Resort also suffering from the issue of significant decrease in their annual revenues as well as total number of tourists counts (Nailon, 2012). They also need sufficient funds for implementing latest innovations in their organisation to improve their guests’ experiences.
Political stability in the country helps the hospitality brand Sea Resort to attract large number of guests to their organisation.
Economic downgrading situation in all over the world negatively affects the tourism industries (Baum, 2011). So, to attract more guests to their organisation, they have to give special discounts or deals to the guests.

Action Goals

v  In order to earn maximum profit from their business, they have to take necessary strategies for reducing their operational costs (Baum, 2011).
v  They are also wanted to increase their profit margin by attracting maximum number of foreign tourists to their organisation.  


Ø  The organisation has to utilize their funds in effective manner to adopt latest innovations in their organisation that may help them to attract more guests to their hotel. 
Ø  They are also aiming to earn more profit from their business by attracting maximum number of guests to their organisation by giving special offers to them (Baum, 2011).
Ø  To improve their profit margin, the organisation has to identify effective methods for reducing their extra financial burdens.


Baum, T. (2011). Hospitality management. 1st ed. Los Angeles: Sage.
Lennon, J. and Peet, M. (2010). Hospitality management. 1st ed. Hodder & Stoughton.
Messenger, S. and Shaw, H. (2011). Hospitality management. 1st ed. Macmillan.
Nailon, P. (2012). Theory in hospitality management. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 1(3), pp.135-143.

Annotated Bibliography ( SUBJECT: SOCIAL SCIENCES, ENGLISH )
Most of the students find hard to make Annotated Biblio
I am providing a sample of Biblio in MLA style....


                                                   Annotated Bibliography

Gordimer, Nadine. July’s People. New York: Penguin, 1982. Print.

Written by Nadine Gordimer, the novel July’s People seeks to explore apartheid in the themes that are established throughout the novel. Gordimer portrays rich diction and symbolism to focus on the issues of racial segregation portraying the ambiguous relationship between July and Maureen. Gordimer demonstrates the themes of race and how it plays a significant part between Maureen and July. The novel illustrates symbols such as the bakkie and power to delineate the theme against the background of war. Gordimer shows how there are major power shifts between the two races and demonstrates how the theme of power is so significant to the Smales. The evolution and introspection of Maureen through the relationships of July and her husband, Bamford Smales, significantly expresses her personal growth and the realization of unequal apartheid. Through the novel, Gordimer demonstrates the possibility of a new vision of how she desires the world to become as she explores a peaceful co-existence between Bam and Maureen. In the novel, Gordimer uses an epigraph to set the tone in the novel and intended to give the audience a broad theme of what to expect in the novel.


A Beautiful Mind. Writ. and Dir. Rob Howard. Universal Studios. DreamWorks Studios., 2001. DVD.

A Beautiful Mind directed by Rob Howard, explores the journey of, John Nash, who is a mathematician genius and a Nobel prize winner. He struggles with Schizophrenia where he loses touch with reality and hallucinates. Howard establishes how the symptoms of John’s disease takes its toll on his interpersonal relationship, social and psychological issues; however, overcomes his dilemma with the avail from his wife. The film demonstrates as John resides his work at Princeton University to create his original idea; however, also creates imaginary characters which establishes symbols such as friendship and companionship. John is shown as a socially awkward man that seeks for a constant companion in times of stress and frustration; and his creation provided him with the friendship that he desired. Howard demonstrates Alicia as a symbol of John’s sanity and reality as she was an unconditional support for John during his internal conflict. Johns journey to recovery resulted in him being humble when he accomplishes and is recognized for his Nobel prize. Ron Howard emphasizes how John’s dilemma externalizes, demonstrating the chaos of his disorder engenders knowledge as an outcome. The film illustrates how others supports and courage, provides John the ability to cope with his struggles and pursues his dreams for which is his ‘original idea’.


Achebe, Chinua. “Dead Men’s Path.” 1953. Literature: Reading, Reacting, Writing. Ed. Laurie Kirszner, Stephen Mandell and Candace Fertile. Nelson Education Ltd, 2007. 405-411. Print.

In the short story a “Dead Men’s Path”, portrays a young and modernized new headmaster of Ndume Central School named Michael Obi. Michael and his wife, Nancy, are both modern characters who both desires and demands to have high education system in their school. As they try to enforce a high education standard, Michael deliberately ignores the past and historic culture to become modernized by attempting to close the footpath that connects the villagers to the dead. Achebe explores the themes of conflict between traditionalism and modernity; and how the path symbolizes the link between life and and death as it is essential to their culture. As Michael does not understand the traditions that runs in the village, it demonstrates how his character conflicts the theme of tradition and how there may be consequences if certain traditions are not respected. The story points out the difficulties of co-existence between the two themes as Michael does not attempt to learn the history of their culture and rejects the advice from the priest.


Cast Away. Dir. Robert Zemeckis. DreamWorks. Twentieth Century Fox Fil Corporation., 2000. DVD.

The film Cast Away directed by Robert Zemeckis explores the themes of hope and love from the protagonist, Chuck Noland, as he discovers himself isolated on a remote island after a plane crash. During his survival and knowledge on the island, he gradually transforms himself physically and psychologically to continue to hold onto hope of returning back home. Zemeckis symbolized the significance of how a volleyball named Wilson, establishes an emotional relationship and companionship that Chuck desired. The film seeks the exploration of human survival as they lose sight of what they were granted with and demonstrates how time also plays a significant role in Chucks life which affects his personal life. Zemeckis explores the themes of hope and loneliness through Chuck’s character as to the reason why Wilson was significant to him. Another concept that Zemeckis seeks to explore is to demonstrate how important relationships and companions are to a human being and having them surrounding you is part of human nature.


Hawthorne, Nathaniel. The Scarlet Letter. Adapt. James F. Demailo. New York, London; Applause Books, 1996. Print.

The Scarlet Letter, a play written by James F. Demailo and adapted from Nathaniel’s classic novel, portrays the protagonist, Hester Prynne, branded with the scarlet letter by the congregation, symbolizing her adultery. The play explores the relationships between Arthur Dimmesdale, Roger Chillingworth, and Pearl. Hester’s transition throughout the play significantly demonstrates her personal growth and how problematic situations helped her discover her true identity. Her internal conflict has transition her to an independent woman enabling a remarkable strength and courage. The nature of the letter ‘A’ symbolized a product of her passion and sin; however, transforms to an angel that the puritanical community cherishes. Hester’s relationship with Pearl is significantly stronger and provides Hester’s with great strength as her commitment to stay strong guided her inner spirit to become an independent woman. The play demonstrates how her confidence and strength gave her the ability to change her identity as an adulteress to and angel with courage and love.


Walker, Alice. “Everyday Use”. 1973. Literature: Reading, Reacting, Writing. Ed. Laurie Kirszner, Stephen Mandell and Candace Fertile. Nelson Education Ltd, 2007. 327-334. Print.

The story “Everyday Use” by Alice Walker illustrates how certain values and traditions may affect the relationships within families. Alice demonstrates the issue of this by expressing it on the characters Mama, Maggie and Dee. She uses themes such as heritage and education to represent how Dee may have misunderstood the meaning of what her culture truly presents. The short story focuses on the connections between women of different generations as it is shown through a couple of handmade quilts passed on from generations. As Mama and Maggie understands and respects the history of their family and culture, Dee claims the handmade quilts as a decoration for her new home. The major theme in the story that was established was heritage and how it is meant to be cherished; however, as Dee becomes more educated, she becomes distant from her culture and views it as her past. The quilts are symbolic as they are made up of connections of the past but also representing the history of pride.

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